The documents available for download below have been published to document the empirical, methodological and theoretical context the Hannover Recommendations 2019 are placed in. Feel free to work with them, to cite and to forward to others who might be interested. Any copyrights to the reports remain with the authors.

Country Descriptions

The documents below have been published in connection with the Forces and Forms of Doctoral education event series. If you are a publisher of a document that fits well into this environment and if you are interested in offering this source to the network, please contact us at We kindly ask you to clarify the rights of use with publishers and research institutions in advance.